Glossary

AtoG

A/N The shorthand of Arrival Notice. The shipping company or the forwarder send a notification to the Consignee and the Notify Party with the details of estimated arrival time and the goods.
A/R It means All Risk. It has the broadest coverage of marine cargo insurance and transportation insurance, under which the insurer, in principle, covers the loss or damage of cargo caused by all accidental dangers. However, it does not cover wars, strikes and riots. (Another special insurance contract can insure)
Advising Bank At the request of the letter of credit issuing bank, the beneficiary (importer) will be notified of the letter of credit.
A bank (head office near the beneficiary's location, or correspondent bank), usually the bank that has a business relationship with the exporter is selected.
AEO Authorized Economic Operator It refers to a certified company involved in international logistics. (Special importers, specified exporters, specified bonded approvers, certified customs brokers, specified bonded carriers, certified manufacturers)
In order to facilitate customs procedures between customs and private companies in line with the strengthening of security in international logistics triggered by the terrorist attacks in the United States, in order to ensure and facilitate security in international logistics and strengthen Japan's international competitiveness. This system provides the relaxation and simplification of customs procedures to businesses that have established a system for cargo security management and legal compliance.
Air Freight Forwarder An Air Freight Forwarder collects cargo from multiple shippers, load it in the space rented from the airline, and carry out consolidated transportation. In many cases, customs clearance work and warehouse storage work are also generally performed.
Amendment After the letter of credit is issued, it means that the terms of the letter of credit are changed at the will of the exporter, the importer, or both.
Applicant An importer who applies to open an LC. ⇔ beneficiary (exporter)
AS ARRANGED It is a logistics term described in BL or AWB. Abbreviation for FREIGHT AS ARRANGED, which means the fare as arranged.
ASEAN It refers to a regional cooperation organization consisting of 10 Southeast Asian countries started in 1967.
Initially, there was a security aspect within the region, but the aim is to stabilize the politics and economy and promote economic growth within the region. We have an ASEAN agreement with Japan, and this agreement can be applied to imports from member countries.
There are 10 member countries. (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia)
At Sight A term related to LC (letter of credit), which is a type of import / export payment settlement method. Refers to list payment. For example, "At 15 Days Sight" refers to the method by which the importer pays the price 15 days after the presentation of the bill of exchange.
AWB An abbreviation for Air Waybill, it is the most basic document for the transportation of air cargo, and is equivalent to the bill of lading for sea transportation and the ticket for passenger air transportation.
BAF Also called Bunker Adjustment Factor or Bunker Surcharge, it refers to the additional (discounted) charge when there is a rise (decrease) in fuel efficiency.
B/E It is the abbreviation for Bill of Exchange which refers to bills of exchange. A "money payment entrustment certificate" that states that the issuer (the person who issued the bill) entrusts the payer (third party) with the payment of money to the recipient, and that meets the requirements of the bill law.
B/L It is the abbreviation for Bill of Lading, which refers to the bill of lading. A document of carriage in which the shipowner clarifies the conditions of carriage with the shipper. It is a security that the shipping company undertakes the transportation and promises to deliver the cargo to a legitimate consignee at the designated port.
B/L Fee This refers to the B / L (Bill of Lading) issuance fee charged by the shipping company to the shipper. (Sometimes called DOC FEE.)
Beneficiary An exporter who receives an LC.
A person who can collect the export price by bringing the shipping documents that match the LC conditions to the bank is called a "beneficiary".
Berth A pier where a ship is stationed.
BIC The Abbreviation of Bank Identifier Code. It refers to the bank identification code used in international remittances, also known as a SWIFT address.
Bond It refers to a bonded area where foreign cargo can be stored, inspected, processed, manufactured, and exhibited under customs control, or a bonded warehouse licensed by the customs director who can load, unload, transport, and temporarily store foreign cargo.
Bonded Warehouse It refers to a bonded warehouse.
A warehouse for loading and unloading foreign cargo and temporarily storing it in ports and airports.
Booking It refers to a bonded warehouse. A warehouse for loading and unloading foreign cargo and temporarily storing it in ports and airports.
Break Bulk Long cargo and heavy cargo that cannot be stored in a container ship. General cargo is shipped on a conventional ship.
Break Bulk Vessel It refers to a conventional ship.

Break Down In aviation terms, it refers to the work of disassembling air cargo assembled on a pallet.
CAF Currency Adjustment Factor or as known as the Currency Surcharge. It is a premium (subtract) charge that adjusts foreign exchange losses (gains) due to currency fluctuations.
CARRIER CARRIER refers to a company that transports goods or passengers on land, lakes, rivers, and ports.
CBR The abbreviation of Commodity Box Rate. It refers to the fare system set for each container per container.
CFR It is often used in trade transactions because the seller's contract price is the sum of the export price (FOB price) at the shipping port and the shipping fare to the destination port.
CFS An abbreviation for Container Freight Station, which may also refer to a facility that packs or loads containers, or LCL cargo.
CHC An abbreviation for Container Handling Charge, Container Handling Charge (CHC) is the charge for handling containers in the container yard.
CIF Cost, Insurance and Freight, fare and insurance price. When insurance premiums are excluded, it is called C & F (CFR).
CKD Complete Knock Down, semi-finished product. It is often referred to as the supply of parts for overseas local factories of automobiles.
C/O (Certificate of origin) There is a tax incentive system for specific bilateral (or regional) and developing countries for the purpose of promoting trade throughout the world. In order to guarantee the authenticity of the origin of the cargo, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the exporting country or the consulate of the importing country issues a certificate of origin certifying the origin of the cargo.
Consignee It refers to Consignee, also known as trustee, and consignee. Refers to the person listed on the waybill as the person to whom the cargo is delivered by the carrier. Often abbreviated as CNEE.
CY An abbreviation for Container Yard. It may also refer to FCL cargo that can be brought into a container for storage, delivery, or directly into a yard.
Cargo Boat Note When imported by a conventional ship, it refers to a report on the arrival status of cargo such as excess and deficiency of unloaded cargo and damage status. The ship side and the shipper side will each confirm and sign. It is an important document for insurance claim processing.
Cargo Ready It means that the export cargo is ready and can be delivered to the warehouse.
Carrier It refers to a freight forwarding company that operates ships and aircraft in-house. Refers to shipping companies and airlines.
Catch-All Control Due to the Catch-All Controls of the Export Trade Control Ordinance, it is required to confirm who uses all the products to be exported for what purpose in the 16th item of Attached Table 1. White countries are exempt from this regulation.
CBM Cubic Meter A unit that expresses the volume of cargo. 1 cubic meter if the height, width and height are 1 meter. Also called M3 [M3].
CC Fee An abbreviation for Charge Collect Fee. The airfare (Freight Collect) is the fee for collecting the fare at the landing.
CCC China Compulsory Certificate system It refers to the safety standard system imposed on products imported in China.



CFS Charge It refers to the container freight station (CFS) usage fee in the container yard.
Chassis A trailer that transports marine containers by land is called a chassis.
Clean BL It refers to a fault-free BL with no trouble in the cargo packing status.
CMAA Customs Mutual Assistance Agreement It refers to a customs mutual support agreement.
Information is exchanged for the purpose of preventing smuggling of narcotics and cracking down at the water's edge under an international agreement that stipulates mutual cooperation between customs authorities around the world.


CIP (Carriage and Insurance Paid To) It refers to the conditions for delivery of the carrier including CPT plus insurance premiums. The reality is that CIF (conventional ship) is often used due to long-standing customs.




CPT (Carriage Paid To) It refers to the conditions including transportation costs. The seller bears the risk and sea freight of delivering the goods to the carrier at the designated location, and the subsequent costs and risks are the conditions that the buyer bears.


Commercial Invoice Commercial invoice (commercial invoice).
This is an important document issued at the time of import / export declaration and payment, and describes the details of the shipping cargo (product name, quantity, price, contract conditions, contract unit price).
⇔ Proforma Invoice This is an invoice as a quotation prior to the commercial invoice.
Confirming Bank A bank that compensates for payment commitments in addition to the letter of credit opening bank.
In the unlikely event that the opening bank is insolvent, the confirming bank will accept the payment as a guarantor
Consolidator A Consolidator refers to a contractor who performs tailoring work as mixed cargo.
Consolidation C2 type refers to mixed cargo in which cargo of two or more shippers is stacked.
Courier Cargo Door-to-door integrated transportation service / Freight using international courier service.
Corresponding Bank When conducting foreign exchange business between different banks, the business content is agreed in advance. This is called a correspondent contract.
Banks that have signed this correspondent contract are called correspondent banks, and they open accounts (correspondent accounts) with each other and make international payments using those accounts.
Customs Broker Otsunaka refers to a trader who refers to customs brokers.

CY Charge It refers to the container yard usage fee for bringing in marine transportation containers, storing them, and delivering them.
C-TPAT (Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism) A security program introduced by US Customs to combat terrorism.
Affiliated companies involved in exports to the United States (shipping companies, customs brokers, warehouse managers, importers, manufacturers, etc.) participate in the C-TPAT program in line with the security guidelines set by the US Customs Service.






DDC Abbreviation for Destination Delivery Charge, which refers to the cost (charge) for transporting a container that has arrived at the destination port to a predetermined location in the container yard.
D/O Abbreviation for Delivery Order, which refers to a document in which the shipping company instructs the terminal (CY / CFS) operator to deliver the cargo to the bearer.
DST Abbreviation for Double Stack Train, a method of transporting marine containers by US railroads. Freight cars with two-tiered containers are usually operated in 150-28 car trains (1 car 10 FEU loading).
D/A An abbreviation for Document against Acceptance, D / A is one of the trade settlement methods that uses a letter of credit (L / C), and is an importer (buyer). It means that the shipping documents can be delivered from the bank to the importer (buyer) and receive the goods, provided that the bank accepts the payment of the time-limited letter of credit.
D/W Abbreviation for Deadweight Tonnage, also called deadweight tonnage, which indicates the capacity of a ship to carry cargo in tonnage.
D/P (Document Against Payment) Document Against Payment is a type of trade settlement method without a letter of credit (LC).
The importer pays the bank, and in exchange the bank delivers the shipping documents to the importer for receipt of the cargo.
DAP (Delivered At Place) It refers to delivering to a designated destination.
It is almost the same as DAT, but it is a carry-on rule when cargo is transported from the port area terminal to the inland point, and the seller bears the risk and costs.
DAT (Delivered At Terminal) It refers to designated wharfs, warehouses, and land / rail / air transportation terminal delivery.
A carry-on rule that the seller bears the risk and expense until the cargo is transported to the container yard or air cargo terminal designated at the destination and brought into the terminal. Import customs clearance and customs duty payment at the destination will be borne by the buyer.
DDP (Delivered Duty Paid) All expenses (including customs duties) from the place of origin to the landing are the responsibility and arrangement of the seller, which is a convenient transaction condition for the buyer to do nothing. As an example, it is often used for exporting sample products.

Demurrage This refers to the excess storage fee incurred when container cargo is not
picked up within the deadline (free time).
Detention Charge Late fees incurred when an empty container is not returned within the deadline (free time).
Devanning It refers to the work of removing cargo from a container.
Devanning Report It refers to the work of removing cargo from a container.
DO Charge This refers to the cost charged to the shipper when the shipping company issues a document (D / O) instructing the delivery of the cargo in exchange for the bill of lading.
DOC Fee Abbreviation for Documentation Fee. This refers to the B / L (Bill of Lading) issuance fee charged by the shipping company to the shipper. Also called B / L Fee.
Dock Receipt A freight receipt issued by a shipping company when container freight is brought into a container yard.
Drayage Refers to land transportation of containers or land transportation charges.
Dry Container It refers to a closed container for general cargo.
EBS Abbreviation for Emergency Bunker Surcharge, which refers to an emergency fuel cost surcharge. This is a nominal surcharge that the shipping company bears the risk of increased fuel costs due to soaring crude oil prices.
ETA Abbreviation for Estimated Time of Arrival, which refers to the estimated time of arrival.
ETD Abbreviation for Estimated Time of Departure, which refers to the estimated time of departure.
ECHC This is the cost incurred by the shipping company when handling empty containers and is the cost charged by the shipping company to the shipper. It has the same meaning as THC and CHC.
EPA (Economic Partnership Agreement) Bilateral economic treaty.
In addition to the elements of a free trade agreement (FTA) (liberalization of trade in goods and services) between two or more countries (or regions), areas other than trade, such as the movement and investment of people, government procurement. It refers to a comprehensive agreement concluded including bilateral cooperation.
EPA Certificate of Origin An Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) that refers to a certificate of origin for the application of tariff rates lower than normal tariff rates. Importers must submit this certificate of origin to customs to benefit from the tariff rate.

Expiry Date This refers to the deadline (L / C expiration date) for the exporter to bring the letter of credit and shipping documents to the bank in order to settle the export price.
EXW (Ex Works) It is a condition to deliver the cargo at the factory of the export place under the factory delivery condition. (At this point, the risk of loss is also transferred to the buyer.)
FAF Abbreviation for Fuel Adjustment Factor, which is a surcharge for the shipper to bear a part of the price fluctuation of marine fuel. With the rise in fuel costs in 1999, we have introduced a new formula FAF for container cargo in place of the famous and innocent BAF of four alliances and one agreement related to Asia.
FAK Abbreviation for Freight All Kinds, which refers to a freight system set by volume or weight regardless of the item of cargo.
FCA FCA is an abbreviation for Free Carrier, and the seller bears all costs and risks until the goods are delivered to the carrier at the designated place (container yard of the loading place, etc.), and the subsequent freight charges, insurance premiums, and risks. Will be borne by the buyer.
FCL Abbreviation for Full Container Load, which refers to cargo that fills one container.
⇔ LCL (Less Than Container Load) Cargo that does not fill one container
FCR An abbreviation for Forwarder's Cargo Receipt, a document certifying that a freight forwarder has received the freight on the premise that the freight forwarder will transfer the freight to a sea carrier (NVOCC or shipping company) and consign it.
FIATA Int'lI Federation of Freight Forwarders Association, International Freight Forwarders Association. An NGO organized by forwarders around the world for the purpose of mutual cooperation, protection of interests, and standardization of documents and contracts.
FEU Abbreviation for Forty Foot Equivalent Units, which means 40-foot container conversion.
FOB Abbreviation for Free on Board, which refers to the loading price of FOB conditions on the export side. The consignee pays the freight and insurance premiums and has the right to decide on shipping.
FAINS The imported food monitoring support system of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.
It refers to a system that connects quarantine stations, importers (customs brokers), inspection agencies, etc. online and processes food notification procedures electronically.
FAS (Free Alongside Ship) It refers to the conditions for delivery on the ship side.
Goods will be carried by barge to the ship anchored offshore. When the barge arrives on the side of the ship, the cargo will be delivered and the risk of loss will be transferred to the buyer.
Feeder A service that transports a branch route (feeder route) from the main port to an adjacent port.
Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law. Generally, it is often abbreviated as Gaitamehou.




Form A Generalized System of Preferences Form A of Certificate of Origin. One of the certificates of origin certifying the country of origin of the cargo. In the case of import, in order to be subject to preferential tariffs, the customs office of the country of origin (some countries may have other organizations such as public offices) is issued when the goods are exported.

Forwarder A consolidator is also known as the “forwarder”.
For both shipping and air transportation, the forwarder collect cargo from multiple shippers, load it in the space rented from the airline or shipping company, and carry out mixed transportation. In addition to consolidated transportation operations, there are also companies that generally perform customs clearance operations and warehousing operations.
Foul BL BL remarked when there is an abnormality in the cargo packing status.
Free Time Demurrage (excess storage fee) will be incurred after a certain period of free storage until the cargo is picked up at the cargo destination.
Freight Collect Freight Collect refers to the method of paying the freight after the cargo arrives at the import location.
Freight Prepaid Prepaid freight rate refers to a method of paying the freight rate immediately after the cargo is shipped.

Freighter Refers to cargo-only flights.
FTA (Free Trade Agreement) Free trade agreement
It refers to an agreement aimed at limiting quantities and eliminating tariffs in order to stimulate trade with specific countries and regions. There is a WTO in international trade agreements, but the WTO can be difficult to organize due to multilateral agreements. On the other hand, FTAs are bilateral (or regional) agreements, so it is relatively easy to reach an agreement. Since Japan first signed an FTA with Singapore in 2002, it has been conducting intergovernmental negotiations with other countries with the aim of strengthening economic relations.
FTZ (Free Trade Zone or Foreign Trade Zone) (Free Trade Zone or Foreign Trade Zone) It refers to a free trade area designated as a tax-exempt area as part of import / export promotion measures.




GRI Abbreviation for General Rate Increase, which means that the shipping alliance raises the tariff of all items uniformly.
GBF(General Bunker Floating) A type of surcharge applied to imported cargo from China (mainly Shanghai) to Japan. In response to the soaring price of fuel oil for ships (BUNKER), it was introduced to ships departing from China after March 8, 2012.
GSP(Generalized System of Preferences) This is a generalized system of preferential tariffs that applies a lower tariff rate to imported cargo from developing countries, thereby increasing export income and economic development in developing countries.

H to N

HDS Abbreviation for Hot Delivery Service, which is an immediate customs clearance service mainly developed by shipping companies on Japan-China routes. HDS designated cargo can be shipped last at the loading site and unloaded first at the destination for immediate customs clearance and delivery.
HS code Harmonized (Commodity Description and Coding) System, a system that unifies the names and classifications of international trade products as a 6-digit item code worldwide. It is used in major countries around the world regarding tariffs and statistics.
HAWB (House Air Way Bill) A receipt for air cargo issued by a consolidator.

Heavy Lift Charge A type of extra fare that refers to the extra heavy cargo.
If the cargo weight exceeds a certain standard, special arrangements and equipment will be required for loading and unloading the cargo, so there will be an additional charge.
High Cube Container A tall 40-foot container with a height of 9'6 ".
(For details, please refer to the container dragging of useful information.)
IADA Abbreviation for Intra-Asia Discussion Agreement, which refers to an intra-Asia discussion agreement. A shipping company was formed with the aim of stabilizing container routes that connect 12 Asian countries to each other.
INCOTERMS It refers to the unified standard for trade terms and conditions established by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).
IATA (International Air Transport Association) It refers to the International Administration Organization for monitoring the safety and order of international aviation. (International Air Transport Association = IATA)



IBAN It consists of up to 34-digit alphanumeric characters. A bank identification code used for international remittances that identify a country, bank, or account number.
ICC Abbreviation for International Chamber of Commerce. The International Chamber of Commerce. It refers to an international organization that promotes smooth international trade and also has a dispute resolution function.
IMDG International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code The rules for transporting dangerous goods set by the United Nations agencies stipulate containers for transporting dangerous goods, transportation standards, etc. for sea transportation and air transportation.





Insurance Policy Refers to insurance policies.
This is an insurance policy stating that the shipper (insurance applicant = policyholder) applied for an insurance contract and the insurance company (insurer) consented and concluded (a consent contract).
Integrator It refers to a door-to-door international transportation company (international courier service).
Intermediate Trade Refers to intermediary trade.
It refers to a trade transaction in which a trading company in country C mediates an import / export transaction from country A to country B. Also known as transit trade or trilateral trade.
Invoice Synonymous with Commercial Invoice.
It is the most important document in trade transactions used for payment and import / export declaration.
ISF Import Security Filing Refers to security regulations for cargo destined for the United States.
After the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the US government implemented anti-terrorism measures, the latest regulations implemented as part of the Shipping Security Law. It is also called the "10 + 2 rule" because the importer declares 10 items and the shipping company declares 2 items to customs 24 hours before the departure of the ship from the export port.
1. 1. 10 items declared by the importer
① Seller name / address
② Buyer name / address
③ Importer registration number
④ Consigny number
⑤ Manufacturer (or supplier) name / address
⑥ Delivery destination
⑦ Country of origin
⑧ Product HS number, 6 digits
⑨ Container packing place
⑩ Mixed loading company name / address
The two items to be declared by the shipping company are the loading details and the vessel trace information.
ISPM (Plant Quarantine Regulation) It is a regulation that prevents harmful pests such as pine wilt from invading from wooden packaging materials such as wooden boxes and pallets for transporting cargo.
Issuing Bank A letter of credit issuing bank, which is a bank that issues letters of credit at the request of the importer.
I/D (Import Declaration) This refers to the import declaration / permit notice.

I/L (Import License) When importing cargo that requires import quotas or approval under the provisions of the Import Control Ordinance, an application is submitted in advance to the relevant ministries and agencies, and the approval form issued after the application is approved is called the import approval form. You will be backed by customs at the time of import customs clearance. The main issuing agency is the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.
JIFFA Abbreviation for Japan International Freight Forwarders Association, which refers to the Japan International Freight Forwarders Association.
JASTPRO An organization that standardizes trade formats, simplifies procedures, and exchanges electronic data on trade documents.
L/C Abbreviation for Letter of Credit, which refers to a bank purchase guarantee issued by an importer to a bank. This ensures that the exporter can recover the price of the traded goods. Instead of collecting the price directly from the importer, the exporter first asks the L / C issuing bank to buy the cargo and then collects the price from that bank.
LCL Abbreviation for Less than Container Load, which refers to the amount of cargo that is less than one container.
L/G Abbreviation for Letter of Guarantee, which refers to a guarantee. In a trade transaction, a letter of comfort stating that one side guarantees damage when damage is likely to occur between the parties, usually the “BANK L / G” (Bank Guarantee), in which the bank became the guarantor.
Lashing It is to fix the cargo so that it does not move. It is to fix the cargo in the container with wood or square timber so that it will not collapse during the voyage. →
Loading Refers to loading cargo on a ship or aircraft.
MLB An abbreviation for Mini-Landbridge, it is a service that unloads from Asia at the port on the west coast of North America and transports it to eastern Canada and the east coast of the United States / Gulf by combined integrated transportation (ship + rail).
M3 Cubic meter. It refers to the unit of volume.
(1 cubic meter when length, width and height are 1 meter)
Manifest Manifest
This refers to the "cargo inventory" prepared by the ship that has accepted the cargo.
Mate’s ReceiptA This refers to the cargo receipt issued by the shipping company (captain = Mate) when the conventional ship cargo is loaded on the ship.
Minimum Charge M/M This refers to the minimum fare set by each shipping company / airline.

MFN Most Favored Nation Most favored nation treatment. WTO basic principles.
WTO Member States are committed to applying the same tariff rates to all Member States.

MSDS Refers to a safety data sheet. Abbreviation for Material Safety Data Sheet. Refers to documents that describe product materials / compositions and handling precautions.
NACCS An abbreviation for Nippon Automated Cargo Clearance System, it is a cargo customs clearance information processing system. It is a public-private integrated system aimed at speeding up and streamlining customs clearance-related operations for import and export cargo.
Nortify Party Notify Party refers to the cargo arrival notification destination at the landing site. The shipping company will contact NOTIFY PARTY when the cargo-laden vessel arrives at the port. In most cases, it is the same as the contact information for ARRIVAL NOTICE.
NVOCC An abbreviation for Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier, a carrier that does not operate the ship itself but is responsible for collecting and transporting it. Also called simply NVO.
National Duty (Tariff) It refers to the national tax rate applied to commercial imports.

Negotiating Bank A bank that purchases export bills by checking documents that match the terms of the letter of credit.
Notification for Food Quarantine The official name is the food import notification form.
When importing food-related products that directly enter the human body, such as food, tableware, and children's toys, this refers to the import notification form applied to the Quarantine Bureau of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. Based on the Food Sanitation Law, food hygiene observers will examine and inspect whether the food is legal.

O to U

OLT (Bonded) Abbreviation for Overland Transport, which means bonded land transportation. A type of bonded transportation within Japan, which refers to the transportation of foreign cargo to other bonded areas with the bonded (tax reserved).
On-Board Courier It refers to a hand carry.
(Hand carry is a means for overseas travelers to bring and transport luggage directly to ships and aircraft.)

Open Top Container A special container with a removable ceiling.

Order B/L B / L with TO ORDER or TO ORDER OF ~ in the consignee column.
Parcel Parcel is a general term for small packages such as parcels and parcels.
PNW Abbreviation for Pacific Northwest, which refers to the northern region of the Pacific Northwest. Ports north of Oregon, with major ports such as Portland, Tacoma, Seattle, Vancouver B.C, and Prince Rupert. It is the closest port on the Pacific coast from Japan.
PSS Abbreviation for Peak Season Surcharge, which refers to the extra charge charged at the peak of cargo movement on regular routes.
PSW Abbreviation for Pacific Southwest, which refers to the southern Pacific coast of North America. California ports, including Long Beach, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Oakland.
RoRo An abbreviation for Roll on / Roll off, a cargo ship that can be handled by a rampway (entrance) on the side or stern, like a ferry boat. Suitable for transporting self-propelled cargo such as vehicles and construction machinery.
R/R Abbreviation for Rate Restoration, which refers to fare restoration. Unlike GRI (General Rate Increase), which is called a lump-sum fare increase on regular routes, it refers to a price increase action to bring the low actual fare in the market closer to the tariff.
Received B/L A bill of lading that proves that the shipping company has received the cargo in the container yard. Since it is proof that you received it at the container yard and it is not clear whether it was shipped, you will need a bill of lading with the proof of shipping (On Board Notation) added when you submit it to the bank.
Reefer Container A container with a built-in refrigerator for transporting frozen (refrigerated) cargo. Temperature control is also possible.
Revenue Ton RT It is a unit for calculating the transportation fare. The fare billing unit is the larger of the actual weight and the volume weight.
SC An abbreviation for Service Contract, it refers to a bilateral contract in which a shipping company provides a bargain fare / service for a certain period of time to a specific shipper who guarantees a certain amount of cargo to the shipping company (alliance or non-affiliated ship).
SCM Abbreviation for Supply Chain Management, which refers to a management concept that manages operations such as marketing / production / logistics by connecting them like a chain. It refers to total information management of raw material procurement, production, storage, transportation, and delivery, from demand forecasting to production / logistics planning.
SDR It refers to SPECIAL DRAWING RIGHT (Special Drawing Rights). It refers to the Special Drawing Rights of foreign currencies defined by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
It refers to the right to receive foreign currency accommodation from a country with abundant foreign currency when the IMF member countries have an imbalance in the balance of payments. The SDR value standard is calculated from the weighted averages of the major currencies (US dollar, euro, pound sterling and Japanese yen), avoiding exchange fluctuations between countries, and is displayed daily on the IMF website.
Sea-NACCS See NACCS column. Initially, it is a sea cargo version of NACCS that started for air cargo. Starting in 1991 with customs, customs brokers, and banks, with the addition of shipping companies, shipping companies, and bonded areas (CY operators) in 1999, a new version of the renewal Sea-NACCS was launched in the fall of 2008. It is scheduled to be renewed in October 2017.
Shipper Refers to the shipper. It refers to the party that has a contract of carriage with the carrier or the producer of the cargo listed on the waybill.
S/A Abbreviation for Shipping Advice, Shipping Advice refers to the shipping guide. When the cargo is shipped, the exporter issues it to the importer. The S / A will contain shipping details such as order number, product name, quantity, and amount.
S/I Shipping Instructions, the shipping instructions that the shipper asks the customs broker to start customs clearance and shipping procedures.
SLB Abbreviation for Siberia Landbridge, which refers to the combined integrated transportation that connects Far East Asia with Europe, Central Asia, and the Middle East using Russia's transcontinental railroad.
SCM (Supply Chain Management) Supply chain management.
It refers to a business management method for optimizing the entire business process from procuring materials for manufacturing to delivering products to consumers.
SDS (Safety Data Sheet) Documents describing product materials / compositions and handling precautions. In the case of chemical products, etc., it may correspond to the transportation of dangerous goods, and it is required to present it at the time of quotation or transportation consignment.

Seal Fee Container Seal Fee. Once loaded into the container, the door will be locked with a metal seal, which refers to this work fee.
Seaway Bill Documents certifying receipt and carriage of the cargo. It is not a transferable bill of lading, but a waybill that proves the carriage.
Shipper’s Declaration for Dangerous Goods It refers to the dangerous goods declaration form.



Shipping Mark It refers to the packing stamp for each package for smooth loading and unloading of goods and confirmation of delivery.
Shipping Order A document that the shipping company has instructed the captain to ship.

Surrender B/L In the sense of delivered B / L, it is a method that enables immediate cargo collection by collecting the Original B / L at the original place (the exporting country side as seen from the importer side). Point to.
Surveyor As a tripartite inspection organization, the purpose was to promote the public interest such as the development of international trade through the maritime appraisal business (= complaint cause investigation, etc.) and the international distribution cargo-related inspection business (= cargo quantity inspection, packing status investigation, etc.). It refers to a corporate judicial person.
SWIFT This is a bank identification code used for international remittances.
TEU Abbreviation for Twenty-Feet Equivalent Units, which translates to 20-foot containers. Represents the number of ships loaded.
THC Abbreviation for Terminal Handling Charge, which refers to the surcharge for container handling costs incurred in the terminal. It is usually levied by the shipping company on both the landing site and the loading site.
T/T Remittance T / T remittance. It refers to wire transfer.

Through BL A type of bill of lading, which is a single bill of lading issued when multiple means of transportation are used from the loading point to the landing site.
Total Loss It refers to damage that loses all of its value due to danger such as sinking or grounding of a ship.
TPP (Trans-Pacific Partnership) (Trans-Pacific Partnership) Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement.
In March 2010, negotiations began in eight countries, the United States, Australia, Peru and Vietnam, in addition to the four countries (Singapore, New Zealand, Chile and Brunei). After that, Malaysia, Mexico, Canada and Japan participated in the negotiations, and now 12 countries are negotiating as a comprehensive agreement including non-tariff fields and new trade issues with the goal of high liberalization in the Asia-Pacific region.
Tramper It refers to a transportation method that operates irregularly depending on the presence or absence of cargo without defining a specific route.
Trans Shipment Transshipment in the middle of the transportation route = This refers to a transportation method in which transshipment is carried out at a waypoint, not direct transportation.
TTB (Telegraphic Transfer Buying Rate) This is the rate applied when an importer purchases foreign currency from a bank and pays the exporter for import settlement in foreign currency.


TTM (Telegraphic Transfer Middle Rate) Exchange rate terminology. It is the exchange standard rate between Japanese yen and foreign currency, and refers to the midpoint price used between banks.



TTS (Telegraphic Transfer Selling Rate) This is the rate applied when a bank purchases foreign currency-denominated export bills into yen.


UCP The latest version is UC600, which is an international rule that the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) defines the interpretation, content, and meaning of letters of credit.
UN NO (United Nation Number) It is a four-digit number specified by the United Nations to identify dangerous goods and is used in the regulations related to the transportation of dangerous goods.

United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods It refers to the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (= Vienna Trade Treaty).







Vanning It refers to the work of loading cargo into a container.
VAT (Value Added Tax) It refers to value-added tax.
It is an indirect tax equivalent to the Japanese consumption tax overseas.
Vessel A ship that transports cargo.
W/M=Weight or Measure It is a term related to the calculation method of international fares, and it is a fare system based on weight or volume, whichever is larger.
White Countries Refers to countries that comply with the Non-Proliferation Policy Ordinance listed in Appendix 3 of the Export Trade Control Ordinance. Areas that are not subject to catch-all control.
WTO (World Trade Organization) Refers to the World Trade Organization.
As a result of the Uruguay Round negotiations, the establishment was agreed in 1994, and it is an international organization established on January 1, 1995. The WTO Agreement (WTO Establishment Agreement and its ancillary agreements) sets out various international rules regarding trade. The WTO plays a central role in the multilateral trading system by implementing and operating these agreements and at the same time tackling new trade issues.

V to Z

YAS An abbreviation for Yen Appreciation Surcharge. It refers to the yen appreciation loss compensation fee. This refers to the exchange surcharge introduced by the Asian alliance / agreement in place of CAF (currency surcharge) as a countermeasure against the strong yen.

あ行

Landing port The port of landing is an item listed on the bill of lading and refers to the port of cargo.
Amendment Amendment refers to issuing a letter of credit and then changing the terms of the letter of credit. Irrevocable L / C cannot be unilaterally corrected or amended, even if there is a clear error in the letter of credit. However, if it is necessary to correct or correct the difference from the original contract, incomplete content, description error, impossible item in creating purchase documents, etc., amendment will be issued to change the part that needs to be corrected. It is possible.
Arbitrary Arbitrary refers to the predetermined cost (transportation connection cost), which is the sum of the basic fare of the transportation section and the cost of the section from the transshipment point to the destination, that is, the connection cost and the local fare.
Import Quota It refers to an allotment system based on the Foreign Exchange Law and the Foreign Trade Law, which limits the import quantity and amount of specific products such as agricultural and marine products.
Interport Interports, in Japan, refers to ports in the Far East / Southeast Asia region, or nearby seas.
Incoterms INCOTERMS is an international chamber of commerce (ICC) created in 1936 to prevent misunderstandings, disputes, and proceedings in transactions caused by differences in business practices in each country. The name of the rule. Since it is a voluntary rule, it is not enforceable, and when it is used in trade transactions, it is common to specify "according to the regulations of Incoterms". The text of the Incoterms (Japanese-English translation) is available at the International Chamber of Commerce Japan Committee. The latest version is the 2010 version, which consists of 11 principles.
Invoice Invoice, an invoice. Documents created and sent by the seller to the buyer at the time of import / export, which also serves as a shipping guide, statement of goods, price statement, bill of payment, etc., and may include a customs declaration.
Inland Depot Refers to the terminal located at the connection / collection / delivery point of the container's inland transportation route. It can be called an inland port or a cargo collection and delivery station.
Consignment processing contract This is a contract clause that assumes that the consignor in Country A will provide the consignee in Country B with some or all of the raw materials and parts necessary for production, and the consignor will process, produce, and re-export.
Consignment processing trade It refers to a form of trade in which raw materials and parts are supplied from overseas consignors, manufactured, processed, and exported.
Consignment sales contract It refers to the contract clause that assumes that the consignor in country A sells and re-exports to the consignment in country B on a consignment sales basis.
Waybill It refers to a waybill that does not have the character of securities, such as Way bill and B / L. It was devised as a measure to eliminate accidents such as loss or theft of B / L.
Wayport Way-Ports, not the areas at both ends of the main route, but the ports that exist along the way. Wayport service refers to such a port call service on the way.
Shed A warehouse is mainly located at the harbor and is a facility for temporarily storing cargo. It is a place to carry in import / export cargo and perform customs clearance and storage.
Hygiene certificate A hygiene certificate is an inspection certificate issued by the Animal Quarantine Service of the exporting country. The exporter obtains it at the time of export and sends it to the importer. This is to prove that there is no risk of transmitting or spreading the pathogen of infectious diseases in livestock. In Japan, importers apply to the Animal Quarantine Service with this certificate attached.
Open top container An open top container is a type of special purpose container whose ceiling is made up of removable beams and canvas. Due to this structure, it is effective when transporting heavy or long items that are difficult to load from the door.
Otsunaka Otsunaka is a type of port cargo handling company. An abbreviation for Type B Shipping Broker, it refers to a trader who stands between the seller and the buyer of a ship and engages in contract encounters, cargo loading and landing work at the request of the shipper.

か行

Purchasing bank A purchasing bank is a bank that purchases the bills drawn by the beneficiary (exporter) based on the letter of credit together with the shipping documents.
Off dock Off Dock, an "inland port" located away from the port area. It has a cargo collection and delivery function, and customs clearance is usually done at the same time.
Cargo sublet Cargo sublet means that if the shipping company cannot secure the space for the ship due to various reasons, it will rent the space of another shipping company in order to fulfill the transportation contract with the shipper.
Exchange gain When funds are settled with a currency exchange between a bank, etc. and a customer, it refers to the difference between the customer's applicable market price and the midpoint price (TTM) of the transaction currency.
Exchange risk This refers to the possibility that foreign currency-denominated assets and liabilities may generate profits and losses due to fluctuations in exchange rates.
Exchange contract Reserving a predetermined rate for exchanges between different currencies at a certain point or time in the future.
Simple tax rate It is a simple tax rate applied at the time of customs clearance of equipment and customs clearance of small import cargo of 200,000 or less.
Indirect import It refers to importing indirectly through an intermediary such as a trading company.
Foreign exchange law Foreign exchange and foreign trade law.
Based on the free conduct of foreign trade, by performing the minimum necessary management or adjustment for foreign trade, we aim for the normal development of foreign trade and the maintenance of peace and security of Japan or the international community, and the balance of payments. It is a law that aims to contribute to the sound development of the Japanese economy while achieving balance of payments and currency stability.
Basic tax rate The tax rate set by the Customs Tariff Law. It refers to the basic tax rate that will be applied over the long term unless circumstances change.
General average Also called G / A (abbreviation of General Average), the cost or sacrifice intentionally and reasonably spent to avoid the common danger that occurs when a ship encounters an accident such as grounding, stranding, fire, or collision. It refers to a system in which the remaining parts of the hull, cargo, fuel, fare, etc. are apportioned among the interested parties and the damages are shared fairly. Agreement tax rate Under the WTO agreement, this refers to the tax rate that promises (concessions) not to impose tariffs above a certain rate on member countries / regions. If the tax rate is lower than the national tax rate, it will be applied equally to products from WTO member countries / regions.
Conventional tariff Under the WTO agreement, this refers to the tax rate that promises (concessions) not to impose tariffs above a certain rate on member countries / regions. If the tax rate is lower than the national tax rate, it will be applied equally to products from WTO member countries / regions.
Cross docking Cross-docking (XD) is a method of cross-docking and sorting shipments to multiple delivery destinations without having to stock cargo received from multiple suppliers in the distribution center business.
Certificate of Origin. Certificate of Origin。
This is an official document certifying that the imported cargo was produced or manufactured in the exporting country, and is a certificate for applying a low tariff rate based on mutual benefits and most favored nation treatment in the importing country. The one with the generalized system of preference is called GSP From-A, and there are others that have concluded economic partnership agreements between the two countries and regions.
Co-Load Co-Load, which means that two or more carriers cooperate to collect consolidated cargo into one container.
Economic partnership agreement EPA(Economical Partnership Agreement)。
Whereas free trade agreements (FTAs) focus on bilateral or regional free trade, the EPA aims to collaborate in a wider range of areas. Specifically, we have removed restrictions on the movement of people and capital, and are also considering the creation of rules for intellectual property rights and competition policy, harmonization of economic systems, and procedures for dispute resolution.
Consignee Refers to Consignee, trustee, and consignee. Refers to the person listed on the waybill as the recipient to whom the cargo is delivered by the carrier. Often abbreviated as CNEE.
混載 Also called Consolidation, it means stacking two types of cargo and two or more shippers in one container.
コンソリ Consolidation, which means stacking two types of cargo in one container, two or more shippers. Also called mixed loading.
航空運送状 Logistics term used in air transportation. A receipt for air cargo issued by an airline.
National tax rate National tax rate
It refers to the tax rate set by law. In Japan, there are basic tax rates stipulated by the "Customs Tariff Law", provisional tax rates stipulated by the "Tariff Provisional Measures Law", and preferential tax rates.
Plywood It is a type of packing material used for wooden box packing and pallets for transporting cargo. Wood is often used for crates and pallets to transport cargo. Pests may be parasitic on wood, and it is necessary to prevent the growth of pests at home and abroad. Since plywood is not parasitized by pests, it is used as a packaging material for transportation with foreign countries.

さ行

Trilateral trade A form of trade in which a third country other than the exporter and importer's country intervenes.
Conventional ship A cargo ship that transports large cargo and bulk raw materials that cannot be loaded on container ships.
Provisional tax rate This is a provisional tax rate that is applied in place of the basic tax rate for a certain period of time when the basic tax rate is temporarily difficult to handle, and is always applied in preference to the basic tax rate.
Surcharge Surcharges are surcharges charged by airlines and shipping companies for costs incurred due to sudden circumstances.
3PL An abbreviation for Third Party Logistics, it refers to comprehensively undertaking collection, delivery, transportation, warehousing management, etc. according to the outsourcing of logistics operations from the manufacturer.
Sea / Air It refers to combined transportation that carries cargo by connecting sea (ship) and air transportation (aircraft). It can be transported faster than a ship and cheaper than the sky.
Shipper Shipper, refers to the shipper. It refers to the party that has a contract of carriage with the carrier or the producer of the cargo listed on the waybill.
Designated bonded area A designated bonded area is an area where foreign cargo is unloaded and transported in order to facilitate and speed up customs procedures at the opening of a port or a customs airport, and is a place designated by the Minister of Finance. As a general rule, the storage period is one month.
Chassis A chassis, a truck on which a container is placed, and a trolley for railroads. It has the necessary equipment for running such as axles, wheel suspension, and braking, and in the case of road transportation, it is transported by a dedicated trailer. Also, the trailer dedicated to the container is sometimes called the chassis.
Heavy weight For freight charges and surcharges, setting rates in units of weight of the freight.
Commercial invoice A commercial invoice is a document that doubles as a statement and invoice that describes the product name, quantity, price, contract conditions, contract unit price, etc. of the exported cargo, and is one of the most important documents along with the bill of lading in trade transactions.


Sea freight waybill Air waybill Similar to AIR WAYBILL, a document certifying receipt and carriage of the cargo. It is not a transferable bill of lading, but a waybill certifying carriage.
Spot market price The delivery of the local currency and the currency of another country occurs at the same time as the exchange sales contract or within a few days (usually up to 2 business days later).
Free trade agreement Free trade agreement It is a bilateral or regional agreement aimed at forming a free trade area by eliminating tariffs and trade barriers.
JASTPRO An organization that standardizes trade formats, simplifies procedures, and exchanges electronic data on trade documents.
Space charter In the case of mutual, it means that multiple shipping companies provide each other's fleet and provide services on the same route. It may also be said when you simply unilaterally rent a space on the side of another company.
Through B / L Abbreviation for Through Bills of Lading, which refers to bills of lading. A bill of lading that can be covered from the loading site to the site with a single responsibility using multiple transporters and means of transportation.
Customs inspection The identity of the declaration and the actual product will be confirmed for the purpose of preventing the inflow of socially harmful goods, maintaining trade order, and ensuring proper collection of tariffs. In particular
① Existence of import prohibited products
(2) Permit / approval required / unnecessary by laws and regulations other than customs-related laws (other regulations)
③ Presence or absence of indication that causes misidentification of origin
④ Confirm that the proper tax return is filed

た行

Tasuki wiring It refers to a one-round ship allocation that goes around two loops, such as base port-A area-base port-B area-base port. There is also a triple loop ship allocation.
Multipurpose ship It is a general term for ship types that have the function of loading not only containers but also heavy and long break bulk cargo. Semi-con ships may also be interpreted as synonyms.
Tank container A container with a frame attached to the tank for transporting liquid cargo. The tank container for marine transportation is only 20 feet, not 40 feet for safety and strength.
Direct import Direct import refers to the direct import of cargo from the vessel or bonded area into the country. IC refers to importing directly from the ship, barge, or shed. A term used for importing from a bonded warehouse (ISW) or importing from a bonded factory (IMW). In this case, direct import (IC = Import for Consumption) is IS (Import for Storage =). It means that the cargo is not imported (imported) or IM (Import for Manufacturing).
Brokerage trade It refers to a trade transaction in which a trading company in country C mediates an import / export transaction from country A to country B. Relay trade or trilateral trade.
Customs clearance After a person who imports and exports cargo in trade declares matters related to the product name, quantity, price, etc. of the cargo to the customs office and undergoes necessary inspections, in the case of import, pays customs duties, etc. and imports and exports from customs. This is the procedure for obtaining permission. Without permission, import / export will not be completed, and in the case of export, domestic cargo will not be changed to foreign cargo and shipping will not be possible. In the case of import, foreign cargo cannot be changed to domestic cargo and cannot be picked up from the storage area.
Advising bank A bank that notifies beneficiaries (importers) of letters of credit at the request of the letter of credit issuing bank.
Registered Customs Specialist Among those who have passed the customs clearance examination, which is a national examination, those who are engaged in customs duties after being confirmed by the customs director based on the application of the customs broker. (A person who has not been confirmed by the customs director cannot be called a Registered Customs Specialist.) Customs documents such as declaration documents submitted by the customs broker to the customs office are appropriate for proper and prompt customs procedures which are necessary. For this reason, it is required to appoint a Registered Customs Specialist at each business office that conducts customs clearance as an expert with specialized knowledge and experience in customs clearance, and have them examine the contents of the declaration documents to be submitted to the customs office.
Unloading Freight before import is permitted, and if it is not permitted due to non-compliance with customs law, other laws, infringement of intellectual property rights, etc., or if the imported cargo is repaired or repaired, cargo such as claims returns is loaded. Refers to returning to the ground.
Regular day service This service has a fixed day of the week for arrivals and departures at each port of call. On major routes, it has become established as a form of service aimed at perfect control of logistics.
Devanning It refers to unpacking a container and removing the packed cargo. Packing and sealing cargo in a container is called vanning.
Depot Depot, which originally means a delivery relay station. Container depots are typically located in the hinterland of the port, where shippers / truckers pick up containers for packing cargo and return empty containers after shipping and withdrawal. There is also an inland depot.
Demurrage Demurrage is a storage charge for cargo, which is set by the shipping company to encourage the early collection of containers and cargo, and is used for containers and cargo within the free time period. It refers to the storage fee that is incurred when the cargo is stored in the container yard (CY) or container freight station (CFS) as it is without being picked up.
Detention charge There is free time during the period to return empty containers that have been devanned in Japan to Vanpool. Late fees for empty containers that exceed this period.
Doc fee Documentation Fee, which charges the shipper the cost of preparing documents such as bills of lading by the shipping company.
Dry container A closed container for the purpose of transporting general miscellaneous goods (dry coins), which is used for purposes other than special cargo such as frozen and liquid.
Trackage Trucking refers to transportation by truck.
Transshipment Transhipment (T / S), a service form in which cargo is transshipped and transported from the port where the vessel directly calls to another port. It is not limited to once, but it may be done more than once.
Transit time It refers to the number of days (hours) required for transportation from the shipping site to the destination port.

Drage Drage is a general term for pulling and moving a container.
Preferential tariff rates It is a tariff rate applied to countries / regions where the economy is developing, who wish to provide preferential tariffs, and which Japan deems appropriate. As an exception to the most favored nation treatment, the effective tax rate (national fixed tax rate (Preferential tariff rates)) It is set lower than (excluding) and the agreed tax rate, whichever is lower. Preferential tax rate is applied when the conditions such as the place of origin are met.

な行

20ft dry container A 20-foot dry container is a container with a length of 6,058 mm, a width of 2,438 mm, and a height of 2,591 mm. It is often used in large warehouses and garages, and there is also a type with a height of 2,900 mm depending on the application.

は行

ハイキューブ・コンテナ High cube container A high cube container is a 40 foot long marine container that is 9 feet 6 inches high. When transporting within Japan, it is necessary to obtain permission from the National Police Agency and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism due to legal regulations such as the Road Traffic Act.
Sales agreement A sales contract is one of the contracts exchanged when a contract is concluded between an importer and an exporter. On the front side, the contents of the order for the product or the contents of the order confirmation are written on the back side, such as general transaction clauses that specify the responsibility of both parties. The sales agreement is called Sales Note in English.
Buyer's Consolidation A local forwarder collects high-mix small-lot cargo purchased locally by the buyer (buyer) in a warehouse, makes it into a container, and transports it to the buyer. Cost reduction can be achieved by consolidating logistics.
Packing list A packing list is a shipping list. It contains various information about the cargo, such as the packaging form of the cargo and the case mark.
Panamax It is the largest ship that can pass through the Panama Canal. Specifically, she is a ship with a width of 32.3 meters or less and a maximum of about 60,000 tons. A large vessel that is not supposed to pass through the Panama Canal is called Over Panamax.
Panamax It is the largest ship that can pass through the Panama Canal. Specifically, she is a ship with a width of 32.3 meters or less and a maximum of about 60,000 tons. A large vessel that is not supposed to pass through the Panama Canal is called Over Panamax.
Berth Term It refers to the transaction condition that the carrier bears the onboard cargo handling costs of the loading and unloading areas. Most of the fare conditions apply to regular routes.
Hanger container Hangar Containers, a container with many removable pipe-shaped racks on which hangers can be hung inside the same outer shape as dry containers. Since clothes can be transported in a suspended state without folding, it is possible to prevent product breakage, increase the number of loaded items, improve economic efficiency by saving packing materials, and improve the cargo handling and working environment.
Vanning Vanning is the process of packing cargo into a container, and removing cargo from a container is called devanning.
Basel Convention It refers to a treaty that regulates the cross-border movement of hazardous waste and its disposal. Japan ratified the treaty in 1993. Not only hazardous waste but also recycled recyclable waste is regulated by the Convention.
Feeder It is a branch line that branches off from the main port of the main line on which the ship calls directly.
Combined integrated transportation It is a service that combines different types of transportation such as ship and rail / truck, ship and aircraft, and consistently transports to the final destination with a single B / L.
Flat rack container A flat rack container is a special purpose container that does not have a ceiling or side walls and is useful for storing and transporting heavy objects that can be wet with rain. Since it can load large cargo regardless of the height and width of the container, it is useful when loading large machines and wood.
Free time This refers to a certain period of time during which you are exempt from paying the storage fee (Demurrage) when you pick up cargo from CFS or CY at the landing site. After this period, a storage fee will be charged.
Prefix code Abbreviation for Prefix Code, which is an identification code that each container has. This combination of code and number confirms the "family register" of the container.
Break bulk cargo Break Bulk Cargo, usually refers to bulk or bulk cargo. These days, it often refers to all cargo that cannot be containerized.

ま・や行

前払い運賃 (Freight Prepaid) Under the trade conditions of C & F (CFR) and CIF, it means that the sender of the package pays the shipping company the sea freight, etc. until the package is delivered to the port of the importer who is the buyer.

モーダル・シフト It refers to changing the mode of transportation, for example, switching truck transportation to railroad or ship.
ユーザンス In foreign trade transactions, usance refers to deferring payment of import prices for a certain period of time, deferred payment financing, or providing credit.
容積重量証明書 Volume Weight Certificate (CLM) is a volume and weight certificate of cargo issued by a calibrator licensed by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. This is an officially certified document that calculates the volume and weight of the unloading cargo of the ship. It is used for sea freight calculation of shipping companies and bill of lading (B / L) creation.
4PL An abbreviation for Fourth Party Logistics. The scope of contracts for conventional 3PL operations (see "3PL" column) has been further expanded to include ordering information management for products and parts that are the source of logistics, and SCM construction. It refers to comprehensive logistics contract business.
40フィートドライコンテナ A 40-feet dry container is a container used in offices and stores with a length of 12,192 mm, a width of 2,438 mm, and a height of 2,591 mm. A type with a height of 2,896 mm is called a "high cube container".

ら・わ行

リード・タイム It refers to the time required from ordering goods, services, materials, etc. to delivery. It is often used in days.
リーファー(冷凍)コンテナ It refers to a special container for cargo that requires refrigerated / frozen low-temperature transportation such as fresh food.
ワシントン条約(CITES) It is a treaty aimed at protecting endangered wild animal and plant species and regulating them from being overused in international trade. Animals and plants subject to regulation are listed in Annex I, II, and III, and cannot be imported or exported without the documents issued by the organizations stipulated in the treaty.